- Capa comum: 188 páginas
- Editora: Society of Biblical Literature (1 de janeiro de 2002)
- Idioma: Inglês
- ISBN-10: 1589830245
- ISBN-13: 978-1589830240
- Dimensões do produto: 15,2 x 1,1 x 22,9 cm
- Peso de envio: 277 g
- Avaliação média: Seja o primeiro a avaliar este item
The Deuteronomic School: History, Social Setting, and Literature (Inglês) Capa Comum – 1 jan 2002
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A first chapter ('Redaction Criticism and Deuteronomic Literature', pp. 17-29) admits the redaction criticism has reached the limits of its ability to subdivide redactional layers by means of linguistic arguments, since 'all Deuteronomic redactors use Deuteronomic language'. However he is not prepared to question the validity of such distinctions, since to do so would lead to abandonment of criticism altogether. M. Weinfeld's Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic Schools is accepted as a base-line statement on Deuteronomism based upon linguistic criteria, beyond which it is perhaps not wise to press further. The way out of this apparent impasse is to suppose post-exilic Deuteronomic redactional activity and to pursue this based upon text-critical criteria.
'The Deuteronomistic School in the Persian Period' (Chapter 2, pp. 31-63) fills out Person's point regarding Deuteronomistic editorial work in the post-exilic period, critiquing those who limit this to the Exile. For person, that scholarly assumption totters on the slender base that results from defining a terminus ante quem based solely upon the last-mentioned events in the work. The balance of the chapter surveys text-critical research since Qumran that indicate continued redactional work (post-LXX and on the MT) that bears the fingerprints of the Deuteronomists (a 'school', for Person, thus plural). Person complements his text-critical conclusions by questioning received wisdom about the exclusive relevance of DtrH's themes for an exilic audience, finding them just as pertinent in the post-exile. A final section offers an historical reconstruction of a Deuteronomistic school's return to the land under Persian sponsorship with sufficient infrastructure in place to support its semi-official duties.
Person's argument for the idea that biblical scribes were more than copyists will be strengthened if he can demonstrate that such was the cases across the ANE, and this is precisely what he argues in 'Scribal Schools in the Ancient Near East' (Chapter 3, pp. 65-81). Although Person shares the developing consensus that formal schools were not widespread in pre-exilic Israel, he does believe there is ample evidence for the formal training of scribes. In the exilic and post-exilic periods, the Persian empire made use of professional scribes. Person considers that the biblical portrayal of Ezra fits this institution. He believes that the Deuteronomic School returned to Yehud with Zerubbabel and finds precedent in Qumran scribal practices for a role that included not only copying but what we could today consider composition and redaction.
In his fourth chapter ('The Deuteronomic School in its Oral World', pp. 83-101), Person relies heavily upon the work of S. Niditch in an attempt to move the discussion away from individual authorship (a modern rather than ancient concept that is at home in oral cultures). Even text criticism goes awry when it understands the `word' in a literary rather than an oral matrix. In the latter case it can mean something quite different than what we products of a literary culture and training assume. Thus, many textual 'variants' should not be understood as that, but rather as alternative oral expressions of the same referent. The scribe is then akin to an oral performer as he carries out his function. Within the context of an interplay between oral and literary aspects of culture, Person would have us understand the Deuteronomic school as a 'collective unity'.
Having sketched out his theoretical assumptions, Person now turns to seating the Deuteronomic School in a particular social and historical context (Ch. 5, 'Deuteronomic Literature during the Time of Zerubbabel', pp. 103-122). His task in this chapter is to analyze selected passages with a view to how these would have been understood in his conjectured accompaniment of Zerubbabel by the School in the return to Yehud. Person envisages a kind of nomistic conditionality that would have been relevant to the task of reestablishing Jewish life in the land after the disaster-deserved according to Deuteronomistic theology-of exile. His task is carried out in similar fashion with regard to the later post-exilic period (Ch. 6, 'Deuteronomic Literature after the time of Zerubbabel, pp. 123-135). The Deuteronomists initially supported Zerubbabel's mission and lent conditional support to the Davidide leaders and temple complex under Persian sponsorship. However, they became disillusioned-an import and repeated word in Person's argument-and eventually their hopes for redemption migrated to the metahistorical sphere.
Person's final full chapter (Ch. 7, 'The Deuteronomic School and Other Postexilic Literature', pp. 137-145) cites evidence from other scholars of Deuteronom(ist)ic influence upon the redaction of the post-exilic prophets Haggai and Zechariah. Having the extended the active life of the Deuteronomic scribal school into the post-exilic period, it is convenient for Person to explain this influence in terms of full-blown Deuteronomic redaction of these two prophets' material. Indeed, Haggai and Zechariah were probably in league with the Deuteronomic School. Person then explains Ezra-Nehemiah-Chronicles as the work of a second scribal school that returned to Yehud with Ezra and was in some measure discordant with the Deuteronomists. The arrival of this new party, with Persian sponsorship, occasioned the demise of the Deuteronomic school.
Person concludes this important work with a helpful summary of his argument. The author has produced a plausible reconstruction of the social setting of the Deuteronomic School and so potentially illuminated the literature it produced. The book is marred by an unusual number of misspellings, particular in the case of authors' names and publishing houses.