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Explaining Postmodernism: Skepticism and Socialism from Rousseau to Foucault (English Edition) eBook Kindle

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Número de páginas: 230 páginas Dicas de vocabulário: Habilitado Configuração de fonte: Habilitado
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Tracing postmodernism from its roots in Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Immanuel Kant to their development in thinkers such as Michel Foucault and Richard Rorty, philosopher Stephen Hicks provides a provocative account of why postmodernism has been the most vigorous intellectual movement of the late 20th century. Why do skeptical and relativistic arguments have such power in the contemporary intellectual world? Why do they have that power in the humanities but not in the sciences? Why has a significant portion of the political Left - the same Left that traditionally promoted reason, science, equality for all, and optimism - now switched to themes of anti-reason, anti-science, double standards, and cynicism? Explaining Postmodernism is intellectual history with a polemical twist, providing fresh insights into the debates underlying the furor over political correctness, multiculturalism, and the future of liberal democracy.

Sobre o Autor

Stephen Hicks is a Professor of Philosophy at Rockford College, Illinois. A native of Toronto, Canada, he received his Ph.D. from Indiana University, Bloomington. He has been a visiting professor at Georgetown University in Washington D.C., a visiting scholar at the social Philosophy and Policy Center in Bowling Green, Ohio, and a senior fellow at the Objectivist Center in New York. He is co-editor of Readings for Logical Analysis (W.W. Norton & Co.) and has published widely in academic journals and other publications such as The Wall Street Journal and The Baltimore Sun.

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  • Formato: eBook Kindle
  • Tamanho do arquivo: 927 KB
  • Número de páginas: 230 páginas
  • Quantidade de dispositivos em que é possível ler este eBook ao mesmo tempo: Ilimitado
  • Editora: Ockham's Razor Publishing / Scholargy; Edição: First (19 de outubro de 2010)
  • Vendido por: Amazon Servicos de Varejo do Brasil Ltda
  • Idioma: Inglês
  • ASIN: B00480P9H2
  • Leitura de texto: Habilitado
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  • Dicas de vocabulário: Habilitado
  • Leitor de tela: Compatível
  • Configuração de fonte: Habilitado
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Amazon.com: 4.4 de 5 estrelas 90 avaliações
Esta avaliação foi considerada útil por 18 de 18 pessoa(s):
5.0 de 5 estrelas A Superb, Important Book 8 de março de 2016
Por Richard B. Schwartz - Publicada na Amazon.com
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This is a superb, important book, one which I have begun recommending to friends and colleagues. It is a history of postmodernism that connects its relationship to history, the history of philosophy, leftist politics and even the ugliness of contemporary art. The overarching thesis is that “the failure of epistemology made postmodernism possible, and the failure of socialism made postmodernism necessary.” From the Anglo/French Enlightenment the left turned to Kant, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche and Heidegger. By the mid 20th century it was clear that socialism was a grand failure, leaving the world awash in millions of dead bodies. Such straightforward Enlightenment tools as reason, logic and factual evidence made that clear. The result was that hard leftists such as Foucault and softish hard leftists like Derrida and Rorty (all born in very close proximity to one another) set out to destroy those Enlightenment tools, arguing that language does not reflect reality, facts are really fiction, there is no such thing as ‘human nature’, all comes down to questions of ‘power’, and so on. These strategies were ultimately designed to protect socialism from common sense criticism. This has not advanced socialism to any appreciable degree, but it has roiled our colleges and universities and served as a countercultural infrastructure for a vast machine of indoctrination, one that seeks to win a succession of tiny battles when it is clear that the larger war has long been lost.

Hicks’s conclusions are this stark but his arguments are detailed. He sees this as fundamentally a failure of epistemology that has been exploited endlessly. Kant’s ultimate subjectivism and his separation of subject and object have been decisive in opening the door both to postmodernism and to romanticism. Hicks does not pursue the latter; that would require another book, but one which I would very much like to see him write.

The book is one of the most lucid and accessible studies of the history of philosophy that I have ever encountered and it is particularly acute in its ability to connect the dots and trace the intellectual lineages and etiologies. If you want to see how the defense of affirmative action, speech codes, and global warming activism ultimately connects with Rousseau, Kant and Marx, et al, this is the book with which you should begin.

This expanded edition adds two relevant essays: “Free Speech and Postmodernism” and “From Modern to Postmodern Art: Why Art Became Ugly.” The latter is particularly incisive.

Highly recommended.
Esta avaliação foi considerada útil por 4 de 4 pessoa(s):
5.0 de 5 estrelas Scholarly survey of Postmodernism: philosophy, history, and absurdity. 13 de fevereiro de 2017
Por Matthew Rapaport - Publicada na Amazon.com
Formato: eBook Kindle Compra verificada
Not often I get to say of a non-fiction book that I didn't want to put it down and was sad when I reached the end. Except for a sense of the movement's nihilism, I didn't know much about Postmodernism, but Dr. Hicks has covered the ground. He begins with a broad brush of what postmodernism stands for metaphysically (anti-realism), epistemologically (skepticism), ethically (collectivism in the social, educational and political sphere) and aesthetically (the meaninglessness of art and criticism). One gets the impression that he knows the subject well. His attention to detail is that of the scholar and even the true believer, but he hints slyly at the movement's absurdity even here. From his review he goes backwards and traces the roots of the movement beginning with Kant's response to the Enlightenment in an attempt to shore up the authority of the Church, and up through Rousseau, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Fichte, Nietzsche, Marx, and then Heidegger to the later 20th century with Foucault, Derrida, and Rorty. There are many other voices mentioned along the way (Kierkegaard plays a role as does Freud). Besides philosophers he traces political movements of the left and the right in opposition to the Enlightenment's development of capitalism resting on individualism.

In the last chapter HIcks returns to Postmodernism proper and its absurdity from the metaphysical and epistemological to the political and aesthetic. In 200 hundred years every political and social consequence of anti-Enlightenment philosophy, every prediction and political hope has singularly failed. Postmodernism is the response to this failure by philosophers who come to the conclusion that if the foundation and development of the anti-Enlightenment movement over 200 years is rotten the only thing left to do, besides admit that you are wrong, is attack and destroy what the Enlightenment produced. Even Nietzsche (who Hicks returns to illustratively at the end) presciently suggests that one can take anti-realism and nihilism too far leaving the postmodernists to "quote Nietzsche less and Rousseau more". Not only is Postmodernism nihilistic, it is destructively so, the bitter fruits of jealousy over the failure of collectivist anti-realism and seeming political, economic, and social success of Enlightenment realism, rationalism, and individualism.

An excellent review, through, scholarly, and easy to read. I find Hick's style both serious and humerous at the same time. Superb!
Esta avaliação foi considerada útil por 4 de 4 pessoa(s):
5.0 de 5 estrelas A Philosophic Hercule Poirot Unmasks Postmodernism 22 de fevereiro de 2017
Por J. Alexander - Publicada na Amazon.com
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Lucidly written, clearly structured and replete with a wealth of footnotes and diagrams supporting his analysis, with this must-read book Dr. Hicks reveals the nefarious subterranean foundations of Postmodernism, from its Anti-Enlightenment beginnings in Rousseau, Kant, Herder, Fichte, Nietzsche and Hegel, to its recent and contemporary destructive applications in literary and social criticism, along with its nihilistic attack on the very objectivity of Reason and of every concept or value rooted in the validity of human perception, of rationality, or of any evidentiary methodology---without which no values or lives can be defined or consistently defended against the totalitarian impulses of such socialist or religious authoritarians (which thus becomes Postmodernists' unifying motivation).

If postmodernism, by systematically undercutting every individual pro-life value in favor of Nothing is the ultimate criminal syndicate busily sabotaging every field of academic enquiry less their arbitrary will to power be stymied, then Stephen Hicks by exposing the underlying motivations and cynical strategems of its founders, such leading voices as Marcuse, Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida and Rorty, is the ultimate criminologist, a philosophic Hercule Poirot!
Esta avaliação foi considerada útil por 7 de 7 pessoa(s):
5.0 de 5 estrelas The use of charts and tables is particularly clever in making the argument easy the follow 24 de março de 2016
Por M. Lorenzo Warby - Publicada na Amazon.com
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A superbly clear exploration of the origins and history of postmodernism. The use of charts and tables is particularly clever in making the argument easy the follow. The author has a strong grasp of the relevant intellectual and political history. The book could well be used as an introduction to modern philosophy. Highly recommended, including for those without a background in philosophy.
Esta avaliação foi considerada útil por 7 de 7 pessoa(s):
5.0 de 5 estrelas Yet another attempted refuge from reason 12 de setembro de 2013
Por Michael Atkins, PhD - Publicada na Amazon.com
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"Postmodernists" now try to do for socialism what Kant did for religion: move it into a realm where reason cannot touch it, a realm where they can pretend to know something, to not feel inferior to the scientists, to speculate about whatever they fancy without fear of refutation.

The artful practice of writing or speaking gibberish, common among mystics and contemporary political philosophers, pays off with more than a few benefits. The producer of this junk flatters himself with a delusion of understanding above the common level.

Second, the practice confers virtual immunity from criticism. Effective criticism requires at least a minimal grasp of the subject in question. Unintelligible assertions, lacking anything sensible to grab onto, cannot be attacked cogently other than to label them unintelligible.

Third, if anyone so much as attempts an interpretation of the assertion, the originator easily weasels away with, "well, no, that's really not what I meant. You just don't understand."

Fourth, the asserter is free to wander about in any speculative fog of his choosing without having to prove anything.

Fifth, and worst, the gibberish resonates with far too many listeners and readers who also want to pretend that they know something special and unique, escape responsibility for their thoughts and actions and deflect blame for personal failures and disappointments onto some easily targeted group.

Today's "postmodernists" and defenders of religion continue the venerable tradition.

As Professor Hicks so clearly points out, "postmodernism" (an oxymoron), a relatively recent upchuck from the socialist malady, preaches that reality, reason and objectivity are illusions. Despite these severe handicaps in thinking (which they also reject), proponents manage to conclude that socialism is the only answer to our political conflicts. Then instead of being laughed off the stage, they are given university classrooms. Why?
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