- Capa comum: 192 páginas
- Editora: University of Texas Press (1 de janeiro de 1992)
- Idioma: Inglês
- ISBN-10: 9780292707948
- ISBN-13: 978-0292707948
- ASIN: 0292707940
- Dimensões do produto: 17,1 x 1,3 x 24,1 cm
- Peso de envio: 408 g
- Avaliação média: 1 avaliação de cliente
- Lista de mais vendidos da Amazon: no. 26,594 em Livros (Conheça o Top 100 na categoria Livros)
Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary (Inglês) Capa Comum – 11 jul 2016
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This book gives a dictionary entry for different aspects of Mesopotamian civilization. The book talks about the gods. Using Inana as an example. Inanna was a goddess if love initially. Later n as the Akkadians took over she became Ishtar, goddess of love and war. Mind you she was a protectress of prostitutes and she had them in her temple. Before she became the Inanna we love and know there were other goddesses of love like Isharra who were absorbed into her. Plus there were other Inannas for different town and cities. These different Inanna’s had different characteristics and performed different functions, eventually they god absorbed. Still wonder why we say all Goddesses are one Goddess.
Assur and Marduk are ones that got exchanged quite a bit. Marduk was the God who slew Tiamat and Kingu when they rebelled and threatened chaos. It was Marduk that slew them an created humanity and the world from them. Marduk was so popular that some worshipped him strictly to the point of becoming a monotheistic religion. When the Assyrians came to power they chose their god Assur to take his place. He would take on different characteristic of different gods. He would become the head honcho who took down Tiamat.
Exactly who were the inhabitants of Ancient Mesopotamia. First were the Sumerians and they did not have a mighty empire but rather they were divided by city states. Each state had its own patron deity. They were honored usually in a high temple called a Ziggurat. The top of the Ziggurat was the portal the god came through on. All the way down to the lower level is where people gathered to worship the god. The Sumerians appeared to just pop up in Mesopotamia and they spoke an agglutinative language. They wrote in Cuneiform. Next would come the Akkadians who were Semitic invader descended from Amorites. Hammurabi was Amorite. From the Akkadians would spring the Assyrians and the Babyonians..
The Babylonians had 2000 gods many with no names. If you read this book you will get a good in depth history of these gods. Some gods came from other pantheons and settled into the Mesopotamian way of doing things. More often their gods were borrowed by neighboring cultures. Such borrowing would include Ishtar. She was borrowed by the Canaanites and called Astarte. Ishtar then traveled to Greece where she became Aphrodite. The storm god Adad who is represent by cattle of Bison was present among the Hurrians and Canaanites. For those of you involved in paganism and magic you will not be surprised to know that the Sumerians started the magic circle. They also started Hieros Gamos or the mating of the Gods.
The book is short but crammed with lots of information. If you enjoy Mesopotamian history then this book is for you. Definitely red in conjunction with other books on the subject.
This book is very resourceful. It even talks about magic circles and the Tower of Babel. One can use the magic it talks about in this book, it goes fairly in depth. The thing on magic is long and can be utilized.
If you're just learning about Mesopotamia this book is very good. If you're a Christian or Abrahamic in some way this can also help you in studying the bible. But it's better outside of that. One can see the similarities and where Greece got many concepts including griffins, mermaids, and centaurs. As far as studying people is concerned you start seeing that many ancient conceptions, and this likewise relates to the bible too, have been around much longer than people previously though. This book is helpful to those with Greek, Egyptian, and biblical backgrounds.
The book is written in a manner which is very easy to read. So, you don't have to be someone who constantly reads academic books to understand it. It is not dry and the descriptions are done in a way which most people should find understandable.
My only problem with this book is THERE IS NO INDEX. Do you know just how bad it is to have a dictionary with out an index? It's a travesty against mankind! I feel like the authors were trying to troll people excluding an index. I mean, really.