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Quando foram publicados, em 1998 e 2000, os dois volumes da monumental biografia de Hitler escrita por Ian Kershaw foram imediatamente saudados em todo o mundo como obras fundamentais sobre a figura mais sinistra da história do século XX. A presente tradução foi realizada a partir da versão condensada elaborada pelo autor, que eliminou cerca de quatrocentas páginas de notas e referências - destinadas sobretudo ao público acadêmico -, sem no entanto prejudicar a força da narrativa e o poder de seu argumento.
Kershaw escreve baseado na farta documentação já conhecida e em novas fontes, como o surpreendente diário de Goebbels, redescoberto no início da década de 1990, que traz revelações mais íntimas sobre as atitudes, as hesitações e o comportamento de Hitler no poder. A trajetória inteira desse indivíduo que parecia destinado ao fracasso e que acabou na direção de um dos países mais desenvolvidos, cultos e complexos da Europa é esmiuçada pelo autor, em busca de uma explicação para essa incrível trajetória ascendente, para o domínio que Hitler exerceu sobre as elites alemãs e para a catástrofe que causou em seu país e no resto do mundo.
Como se explica a sobrevida do Estado nazista quando estava evidente que não havia chance de vitória? Por que o Exército alemão concordou em lutar se o abismo era certo? Por que a sociedade alemã permaneceu fiel ao regime a ponto de tolerar o extermínio dos poucos que se insurgiam contra a luta inútil?
Em O Fim do Terceiro Reich, Ian Kershaw - autor da monumental biografia de Hitler - se lança à resolução dessas perguntas armado de conhecimento inigualável da Alemanha nazista.
Fugindo de explicações fáceis, procura demonstrar que a autoridade carismática do Führer, a ambição de sua "corte" e a perseverança das Forças Armadas são os ingredientes principais dessa autoaniquilação sem par na história ocidental.
O período que teve início em 1914 e se estendeu até 1949 foi conturbado e sem precedentes na história da humanidade. Foram 36 anos dramáticos, marcados por uma violência inédita, mas também por fascinantes sublevações e transformações políticas. Este livro oferece um relato abrangente dessa era tumultuada. A eclosão da Primeira Guerra Mundial, a ascensão de Hitler e os desdobramentos da Segunda Guerra Mundial - é vasto o arco compreendido pelo premiado historiador britânico Ian Kershaw.
Capaz de unir pesquisa original e prosa envolvente, este livro indispensável narra os fatos que alteraram radicalmente o curso da história europeia no século XX e afetam o mundo até hoje.
passage in a long speech he held in a packed Reichstag in Berlin on
the evening of 30 January 1939, the sixth anniversary of his so-called
“Seizure of Power.” The speech, lasting over two and a half hours, was in
the main a defiant tirade against what Hitler portrayed as Jewish-inspired
western war-mongerers. It was well into its second half when Hitler made
his infamous Prophecy. . .
Now at last in a single, abridged volume the definitive life.
When the two volumes of Ian Kershaw's biography of Hitler, Hitler 1889-1936: Hubris and Hitler 1936-1945: Nemesis were published, they were immediately greeted around the world as the essential works on perhaps the most malign figure ever to hold power in modern Europe. In the face of considerable demand for such an edition, Kershaw has now created a single volume version. The result is a frightening, fascinating narrative of how a bitter provincial failure from an obscure corner of Austria rose to unparalleled power; how the half-baked, contemptible ideas of a vagrant former art student coalesced into an ideology that for twelve horrific years shaped the fate of millions; and how both in his determination to impose his will militarily and to fend off his many enemies he unleashed a genocidal Armageddon.
No one individual can stand in as the scapegoat for the vast social, technological, economic and military forces that shape our societies but if ever there was one man whose ideas and personality shaped and cowed those forces, as well as embodying them, it was Hitler. This is his story and Kershaw tells it with unique authority, and with moral anger.
Countless books have been written about why Nazi Germany lost World War II, yet remarkably little attention has been paid to the equally vital question of how and why it was able to hold out as long as it did. The Third Reich did not surrender until Germany had been left in ruins and almost completely occupied. Even in the near-apocalyptic final months, when the war was plainly lost, the Nazis refused to sue for peace. Historically, this is extremely rare.
Drawing on original testimony from ordinary Germans and arch-Nazis alike, award-winning historian Ian Kershaw explores this fascinating question in a gripping and focused narrative that begins with the failed bomb plot in July 1944 and ends with the German capitulation in May 1945. Hitler, desperate to avoid a repeat of the "disgraceful" German surrender in 1918, was of course critical to the Third Reich's fanatical determination, but his power was sustained only because those below him were unable, or unwilling, to challenge it. Even as the military situation grew increasingly hopeless, Wehrmacht generals fought on, their orders largely obeyed, and the regime continued its ruthless persecution of Jews, prisoners, and foreign workers. Beneath the hail of allied bombing, German society maintained some semblance of normalcy in the very last months of the war. The Berlin Philharmonic even performed on April 12, 1945, less than three weeks before Hitler's suicide.
As Kershaw shows, the structure of Hitler's "charismatic rule" created a powerful negative bond between him and the Nazi leadership- they had no future without him, and so their fates were inextricably tied. Terror also helped the Third Reich maintain its grip on power as the regime began to wage war not only on its ideologically defined enemies but also on the German people themselves. Yet even as each month brought fresh horrors for civilians, popular support for the regime remained linked to a patriotic support of Germany and a terrible fear of the enemy closing in.
Based on prodigious new research, Kershaw's The End is a harrowing yet enthralling portrait of the Third Reich in its last desperate gasps.
From one of Britain's most distinguished historians and the bestselling author of Hitler, this is the definitive history of a divided Europe, from the aftermath of the Second World War to the present.
After the overwhelming horrors of the first half of the 20th century, described by Ian Kershaw in his previous book as having gone 'to Hell and back', the years from 1950 to 2017 brought peace and relative prosperity to most of Europe. Enormous economic improvements transformed the continent. The catastrophic era of the world wars receded into an ever more distant past, though its long shadow continued to shape mentalities.
Europe was now a divided continent, living under the nuclear threat in a period intermittently fraught with anxiety. Europeans experienced a 'roller-coaster ride', both in the sense that they were flung through a series of events which threatened disaster, but also in that they were no longer in charge of their own destinies: for much of the period the USA and USSR effectively reduced Europeans to helpless figures whose fates were dictated to them by the Cold War. There were striking successes - the Soviet bloc melted away, dictatorships vanished and Germany was successfully reunited. But accelerating globalization brought new fragilities. The impact of interlocking crises after 2008 was the clearest warning to Europeans that there was no guarantee of peace and stability.
In this remarkable book, Ian Kershaw has created a grand panorama of the world we live in and where it came from. Drawing on examples from all across the continent, Roller-Coaster will make us all rethink Europe and what it means to be European.
Sir Ian Kershaw is regarded by many as the world's leading authority on Hitler and the Third Reich. Known for his clear and accessible style when dealing with complex historical issues his work has redefined the way we look at this period modern European history. The Nazi Dictatorship is Kershaw's landmark study of the Third Reich. It covers the major themes and debates relating to Nazism including the Holocaust, Hitler's authority and leadership, Nazi Foreign Policy and the aftermath, including issues surrounding Germany's unification. The Revelations edition includes a new preface from the author.
Das auf zwei Bände angelegte Werk des britischen Historikers Ian Kershaw ist beides: eine Biographie Hitlers und eine Geschichte der NS-Zeit. Es untersucht eindrucksvoll die historischen Kräfte, die einen trägen österreichischen Träumer in einen Diktator mit immenser Macht verwandelten. Kershaw vertritt den Standpunkt, dass die Ursachen für Hitlers Macht nicht nur in den Taten des Diktators gesucht werden müssen, sondern auch (und ganz besonders) in den sozialen Verhältnissen eines Staates, der es ihm erlaubte, alle institutionellen und moralischen Grenzen zu überschreiten.