- Capa comum: 640 páginas
- Editora: HarperBusiness; Edição: Revised ed. (21 de fevereiro de 2006)
- Idioma: Inglês
- ISBN-10: 0060555661
- ISBN-13: 978-0060555665
- Dimensões do produto: 13,5 x 4,1 x 20,3 cm
- Peso de envio: 259 g
- Avaliação média: Seja o primeiro a avaliar este item
- Lista de mais vendidos da Amazon: no. 17,358 em Livros (Conheça o Top 100 na categoria Livros)
The Intelligent Investor REV Ed. (Inglês) Capa Comum – 11 jul 2016
|Prazo||Valor Mensal (R$)||Total (R$)|
|2x sem juros||R$ 32,77||R$ 65,54|
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The hallmark of Graham's philosophy is not profit maximization but loss minimization. In this respect, The Intelligent Investor is a book for true investors, not speculators or day traders. He provides, "in a form suitable for the laymen, guidance in adoption and execution of an investment policy" (1). This policy is inherently for the longer term and requires a commitment of effort. Where the speculator follows market trends, the investor uses discipline, research, and his analytical ability to make unpopular but sound investments in bargains relative to current asset value. Graham coaches the investor to develop a rational plan for buying stocks and bonds, and he argues that this plan must be a bulwark against emotional behavior that will always be tempting during abrupt bull and bear markets.
Since it was first published in 1949, Graham's investment guide has sold over a million copies and has been praised by such luminaries as Warren E. Buffet as "the best book on investing ever written." These accolades are well deserved. In its new form--with commentary on each chapter and extensive footnotes prepared by senior Money editor, Jason Zweig--the classic is now updated in light of changes in investment vehicles and market activities since 1972. What remains is a better book. Graham's sage advice, analytical guides, and cautionary tales are still valid for the contemporary investor, and Zweig's commentaries demonstrate the relevance of Graham's principles in light of 1990s and early twenty-first century market trends. --Patrick O'Kelley
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Book: "You either get the idea in the first five minutes, or you don't get it at all", commented Warren Buffet in the epilogue. I would add - you don't necessarily need to read all 550 pages, but you must read through the idea of value investing - and it will change your way of looking at the world. I always felt confused and amazed by listening to all the ridiculous fuzz that comes from the Wall Street through TV and the internet. The book explains why.
Several rules of thumbs I noted into my keep:
- Investor buys the business [based on its price/value], speculator buys the stock [based on an absurd believe that he can foresee where the stock price will go].
- The best way to earn adequate return without any trouble whatsoever is to invest into cheap (low maintenance cost) indexes; use dollar averaging (buy every month instead of once at a random point of time) for smoothing the luck involved.
- For enterprising investor (willing to spend much more time), look for a diversified list of bargain issues (at least 30 issues, business values (i.e. net current asset and other related metrics) is below market cap)
- During the bubble, hot industries and companies are getting overpriced. That could only be financed from somewhere. Partially that money are coming from well established old economy companies that lose the appeal. Thus, invest in such old economy companies while bubble grows, as soon as the bubble burst - undervalued companies would rise back.
- Don't ever buy IPOs! (See chapter for compelling arguments)
- Don't consider companies that do not pay dividends. Dividends - money firm pays you for providing capital, they belong to you. They cut a piece for reinvestment - payout ratio. If firm doesn't pay dividends - invest all into growth so you could profit later - that's a speculation. Moreover stock price would be more volatile because it should now rely on future rather than current prospects.
- When gambling - bet on a single chip to maximize the payoff (roulette $1 to $35 payoff at 1/37 chance). When investing - diversify: each investment must have a margin of safety, the more diversified portfolio - the less likely that all will fail. You are a roulette house now who earns with each turn of the wheel.
I have no idea who decided that Graham needed a commentary - the book has aged very well, there is only a small amount of information irrelevant to today's markets - but the choice of Zweig was most unfortunate.
Graham reads like a humble, kind man - whose classical education, intelligence and humor show through every line. On the other hand, Zweig's sections offer an irritatingly jarring contrast - he contradicts himself, contradicts Graham, annoyingly cross-references everything, rehashes his mutual funds advice or tells some of his pet stories about the dot.com bubble excesses - again and again. In an illustrative contrast between the two men, while Graham might show what he thinks about a certain Wall Street practice with a sardonic quote from classical literature, Zweig disparages IPOs by showing us how many silly phrases he can think up to stand for the acronym.
Commenting on a work of genius is not easy and it should be done with extreme care, if at all. Someone like Buffett might have succeeded here, but Zweig is hopelessly out of his depth.
5 stars for Graham, 1 for Zweig.
Aside from these somewhat negative comments, the reader can still glean some important principles from the book. Companies with large cash hoards should not spend on serial acquisitions (for which they either pay too much or waste it entirely on worthless companies); they should be able to do better by spending on their own R&D (for which they should have better expertise), or just paying dividends. Equipment companies (particularly communications and energy) have the greatest response to changes in the economy because they mostly sell to other companies. Go through annual reports to identify money wasting payoffs and sweetheart deals for insiders. [Sadly, this isn't always a way to identify losers; management clever enough to line its own pockets may also be good enough to develop and market winning products. My favorite example is Apple sweetening Steve Jobs return with 1.5 million shares of stock and the purchase of his completely failed Next for $500 million; he payed off with the 3 all time hits: iPod, iPhone, and iPad and a resulting record breaking increase in stock price. The question is how many Jeffrey Skilling's are there for every Steve Jobs?]