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É Natal, e Holden Caulfield conseguiu ser expulso de mais uma escola. Com uns trocados da venda de uma máquina de escrever e portando seu indefectível boné vermelho de caçador, o jovem traça um plano incerto: tomar um trem para Nova York e vagar por três dias pela grande cidade, adiando a volta à casa dos pais até que eles recebam a notícia da expulsão por alguém da escola. Seus dias e noites serão marcados por encontros confusos, e ocasionalmente comoventes, com estranhos, brigas com os tipos mais desprezíveis, encontros com ex-namoradas, visitas à sua irmã Phoebe -- a única criatura neste mundo que parece entendê-lo -- e por dúvidas que irão consumi-lo durante sua estadia, entre elas uma questão recorrente: afinal, para onde vão os patos do Central Park no inverno? Acima de todos esses fatos, preocupações e pensamentos, paira a inimitável voz de Holden, o adolescente raivoso e idealista que quer desbancar o mundo dos "fajutos", num turbilhão quase sem fim de ressentimento, humor, frases lapidares, insegurança, bravatas e rebelião juvenil.
'If you really want to hear about it, the first thing you'll probably want to know is where I was born and what my lousy childhood was like, and how my parents were occupied and all before they had me, and all that David Copperfield kind of crap, but I don't feel like going into it, if you want to know the truth.'
The first of J. D. Salinger's four books to be published, The Catcher in the Rye is one of the most widely read and beloved of all contemporary American novels.
'The handbook of the adolescent heart' The New Yorker
Da cultuada "Um dia perfeito para peixes-banana", em que o leitor tem seu primeiro — e impactante — contato com a família Glass, à emocionante "Para Esmé — com amor e sordidez", as histórias aqui reunidas dão a justa medida do talento inesgotável de J. D. Salinger. Poucos escritores souberam capturar com tanta maestria uma época, seus temas e anseios. Neste que é um dos mais célebres e festejados livros da língua inglesa, Salinger deu a seus leitores nove obras-primas da narrativa curta. Ao longo das nove ficções, os Estados Unidos do pós-guerra aparecem com inédito frescor literário conforme acompanhamos os efeitos, às vezes sutis, do conflito na vida de indivíduos e famílias. Mais que isso, Nove histórias traz à tona alguns dos mais marcantes personagens da prosa do século XX, como o misterioso Seymour e a adorável Esmé, bem como pistas importantes para o quebra-cabeça da família Glass, que Salinger continuaria trabalhando em seus próximos livros.
'He was a great many things to a great many people while he lived, and virtually all things to his brothers and sisters in our somewhat outsized family. Surely he was all real things to us: our blue-striped unicorn, our double-lensed burning glass, our consultant genius, our portable conscience, our supercargo, and our one full poet...'
These two novellas, set seventeen years apart, are both concerned with Seymour Glass - the eldest son of J. D. Salinger's fictional Glass family - as recalled by his closest brother, Buddy.
'The Glasses are one of the liveliest, funniest, most fully-realized families in all fiction' The New York Times
'Everything everybody does is so - I don't know - not wrong, or even mean, or even stupid necessarily. But just so tiny and meaningless and - sad-making. And the worst part is, if you go bohemian or something crazy like that, you're conforming just as much only in a different way.'
First published in the New Yorker as two sequential stories, 'Franny' and 'Zooey' offer a dual portrait of the two youngest members of J. D. Salinger's fictional Glass family.
'Salinger's masterpiece' Guardian
In the spring of 1937, the author headed to Madrid to cover the Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance. He would continue to report on the war for over a year, choosing to return to the country in the autumn of 1938 in a non-work capacity. It is clear that he realised that the Fascists winning the war would not only devastate Spain, but would have dire consequences for the rest of the western world. The experience of the war altered Hemingway as a person and inspired what would be regarded as one of his greatest novels. The book was a commercial success and received critical acclaim, generating a plethora of adaptations since its first publication.
For Whom the Bell Tolls derives its title from a line in Devotions upon Emergent Occasions by the metaphysical poet John Donne, which also includes his famous phrase ‘No man is an Island’. The novel begins in the summer of 1937, at the height of the Spanish Civil War and centres on the American Robert Jordan, who is fighting the Republican cause against Franco’s fascist forces. He is instructed by a Soviet general to assist a band of anti-fascist guerrillas in going behind enemy lines and destroying a bridge with explosives in order to assist a Loyalist attack on the Nationalists. He quickly becomes acquainted with the guerrilla fighters, including the mercurial and suspicious Pablo, and the vulnerable but ultimately resilient Maria, with whom Robert falls in love. When the likelihood of the bridge operation appears less likely to be successful, the protagonist must face the possibility of his impending death.
In the novel Hemingway is clear that both sides are engaged in lies and propaganda, and he is deeply critical of the empty rhetoric repeated by those leading fighters to their deaths. He exposes the military and strategic incompetence of the Republican generals and leaders, criticising their brutality and dogmatism. The author presents his protagonist reflecting on the fact that the men he is killing are most likely not fascists, but just young people recruited to fight the Loyalists. Jordan is clearly reluctant to kill and takes no pleasure in it, and yet, he ultimately believes that it is imperative to destroy fascism and will give his life to that cause. There has been much disagreement about Hemingway’s exact politics, but it is apparent in this work that his primary focus and commitment during the Spanish Civil War was the destruction of fascism and that the struggle and sacrifices and dedication to fight was a worthy endeavour.
'This is the squalid, or moving, part of the story, and the scene changes. The people change, too. I'm still around, but from here on in, for reasons I'm not at liberty to disclose, I've disguised myself so cunningly that even the cleverest reader will fail to recognize me.'
This collection of nine stories includes the first appearance of J. D. Salinger's fictional Glass family, introducing Seymour Glass in the unforgettable 'A Perfect Day for Bananafish'.
'The most perfectly balanced collection of stories I know' Ann Patchett
The Catcher in the Rye SparkNotes Literature Guide by J.D. Salinger
Making the reading experience fun!
When a paper is due, and dreaded exams loom, here's the lit-crit help students need to succeed! SparkNotes Literature Guides make studying smarter, better, and faster. They provide chapter-by-chapter analysis; explanations of key themes, motifs, and symbols; a review quiz; and essay topics. Lively and accessible, SparkNotes is perfect for late-night studying and paper writing.
- An A+ Essay—an actual literary essay written about the Spark-ed book—to show students how a paper should be written.
- 16 pages devoted to writing a literary essay including: a glossary of literary terms
- Step-by-step tutoring on how to write a literary essay
- A feature on how not to plagiarize
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