- CD-ROM: 436 páginas
- Editora: Octavo; Edição: CD-Rom (1 de março de 1998)
- Idioma: Inglês
- ISBN-10: 1891788027
- ISBN-13: 978-1891788024
- Dimensões do produto: 14 x 0,6 x 12,7 cm
- Peso de envio: 45,4 g
- Avaliação média: Seja o primeiro a avaliar este item
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It was interesting to see the pages as they were originally printed but they were not digitized correctly. The pages were scanned incorrectly and the pages are distorted as well. Someone with knowledge of digital media should have undertaken this project not just some person with a scanner. A photographing with a copy stand would have been a better approach.
Good idea, poor execution.
My interest lies in the new mental world of these virtuosos (scientists) as they were known. The dedication to King Charles, the additional dedication to the Royal society and the twenty-seven page preface provide insight into the changing intellectual outlook.
The dedication to Charles: "It is none the least considerable, that Philosophy (science) and Experimental Learning have prospered under your Royal Patronage." (12)
Charles was a member of the Royal Society. Hooke believes Charles' support, in contrast to the university which taught only Aristotle, has helped the new learning. He offers the benefits to England:
"The improvement of Manufactures and Agriculture, the Increase of Commerce, the Avantage of Navigation."
This is a new reason for research, human benefit in the physical, external. The old focus was on spiritual, internal benefits.
The following page is a dedication to the Royal society. He promises to avoid "the espousal of any Hypothesis not sufficiently grounded and confirmed by experiment." (15)
This is conventional wisdom today. It was revolutionary in 1665. It was assumed the human mind, if trained and careful, could and should apprehend the mind of God by reason, this is called 'rationalism'. Mathematics is founded on this belief. Decarte and the French enlightenment were a result of the trust in such an ability. Hooke is here presenting a new understanding of knowledge. This signals the different road of the English enlightenment.
As A. N. Whitehead observed; 'Modern Science is anti-rational.'
Hooke reveals another premise in the preface:
"The only way which now remains for us to recover some degree of the former perfections, (Adam's perfect knowledge before the fall) seems to be, by rectifying the operations of the Sense, the Memory, and Reason, since upon the evidence, the strength, the integrity, and the right correspondence of all these, all the light, by which all our actions are to be guided, is to be renewed, and all our command over things is to be established." (17)
This deep suspicion of human conclusions, drawn from a keen vision of human sin which completely corrupts human thinking, impels Hooke (and others) to create the scientific method. Interesting that belief in the Bible explanation of the fall plays a key role in the scientific revolution.
See Classen - "The Religious Origins of Modern Science".
When buying Micrographia, be sure to choose a version which does show the illustrations. There is at least one version out there that is only a text description of the illustrations, and is useless.
It's only positive feature is that the old language is rendered in readable type.