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Sem dúvidas recomendo a leitura desse livro. Ele te mostra com exemplos claros a importância de sempre se manter aberto a novos conhecimentos, mesmo que esses não sejam da sua área de foco (e.g. Advogado aprender sobre economia, ou engenheiro aprender sobre leis).
These sorts of populist pseudo science books invariably race along and carry you with them until you are pulled up by a ‘fact’ that you happen to know isn’t true. David Epstein’s somewhat counter intuitive notion that generalists triumph over specialists may or may have some merit. However, a key argument that the 2014 German World Cup winning squad was stacked with players who’d come late to football and were ‘typically late specialists’ simply isn’t correct. Many of them had played for their national side at Under 17, 19 and 21 level and were attached during that time to major clubs. This might not leap out at American readers but European sports fans would know Epstein’s claim doesn’t ring true. Which, of course, makes you wonder what else he glosses over or fudges. Despite having shelled out on an appealing looking book and thesis I gave up at that point- page 8!
I was encouraged by the early chapters, first 80 pages or so, it kept to the point of the title and gave good examples.
Unfortunately at around 100 pages or so - Chapter 5 or thereabouts - the quality of writing deteriorated significantly with normal conventions on grammar and punctuation seemingly ignored. I gave up soon after that as the writing became so disjointed and irritating.
I tried dipping in to later chapters and the quality of writing had seemed to improve but there was so much rambling that by the time the point of each description had been reached I didn't care.
I was disappointed since I have long been a believer in what was said in the early pages but the book just didn't do it justice.
I will give u a very brief summary of the book. So here it is.
It is important to do a sampling a range of related things in your field before you choose a specialisation. It helps to develop an overall competence so that the skills learnt in other fields act as an added advantage and boost your final skill in your chosen field. Also, you will know which field suits you the best and for which you have a passion which will help you in the long term to achieve excellence on par with the best in the world.
The age of sampling should be typically between 6 to 16. In these formative years you can experiment freely and as your body is flexible and ur brain plastic, you can learn many skills naturally.
Thirdly, not all specialisation needs sampling and range. For eg Golf, Chess and Coding need a lot of practice and pattern recognition rather than different set of skills. So, in such fields u can simply go for a specialisation without wasting time on sampling period.
What’s the difference between Roger Federer and Tiger Woods? Epstein describes their background and training, all the way to their present-day status and concluded that Tiger Woods’ path was an ‘unwavering specialization’ whereas Federer is that of a more relaxed, wide ranging trial of other sports before he gave up the others to concentrate on tennis. Federer’s path is more common, Epstein noted, but less well-known.
This book is about getting range, not depth – at least not too quickly. Citing the works of Daniel Kahneman, Philip Tetlock, and many others, Epstein proffered the view that it is better to be the fox that knows many things rather than the hedgehog who only knows one big thing.
In science, Epstein, citing James Flynn, noted that, ‘students learned the facts of their specific field without understanding how science should work in order to draw true conclusions’. ‘One good tool is rarely enough’ he writes, ‘in a complex, interconnected rapidly changing world’. Epstein, however, is not against specialization, but is voicing thoughts of a wider range.
The idea that deep and early specialisation is necessary for attainment had made its way everywhere, including the idea that enjoyment comes from mastery: exhortations to immerse ourselves in deliberate practice. Tiger mums, ping pong champions, the ever present Polgar sister story.
Range is a very welcome antidote - well argued and looking at a range of research as well as illustrative stories: offsetting Tiger Woods with Federer or the German Football team, creativity in science, mastery of multiple instruments.
I was fascinated to read for example how Darwin was a massive collaborator, not just the barnacle super-specialist I had assumed; or the struggles of Kepler as he reached to conceive of new possibilities.
A really good book, and I hope it has the impact it deserves.
Every parent should read this book. Every person who feels they've started late or perhaps haven't started yet...nothing is comparable, other than to your own experiences, and your next discovery. It makes for an exciting and curiosity filled life.
Fantastic book - interesting point that society values specialists traditionally, but not generalists. The moral (that I took from it) is that it’s “ok to be a generalist” even though society doesn’t normally recognize that, and also the world needs both specialists and generalists to progress. Specialists uncover important details but generalists can help to link things together to find new solutions to problems. Highly recommended for both generalists and specialists - they need each other!