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Com profundidade analítica e talento literário, Steven Pinker defende a razão, a ciência e o humanismo, os ideais de que precisamos para enfrentar os nossos problemas e dar continuidade ao nosso progresso.
Em O novo Iluminismo, uma original avaliação da condição humana no terceiro milênio, o cientista cognitivo Steven Pinker nos incita a rechaçar manchetes alarmistas e profecias apocalípticas, que vicejam nos dias atuais e influenciam nossa visão de mundo. Com 75 gráficos impressionantes, ele demostra que a vida, a saúde, a prosperidade, a segurança, a paz, o conhecimento e a felicidade estão em ascensão, não apenas no Ocidente, mas em todo o mundo. Para Pinker, esse progresso é uma herança do Iluminismo: a convicção de que a razão e a ciência podem impulsionar o florescimento humano — e, mais do que nunca, elas precisam de uma defesa vigorosa. Nadando contra as correntes da natureza humana exploradas por demagogos — tribalismo, autoritarismo, demonização, pensamento mágico —, o projeto iluminista é atacado por religiosos, políticos e intelectuais pessimistas que insistem que a civilização ocidental passa por um inexorável processo de declínio. Mas basta olhar os dados: eles indicam que, com o avanço do conhecimento, as pessoas estão de fato vivendo mais e melhor. Sem negar que nossos tempos são atribulados, Steven Pinker não hesita em apontar o caminho para as soluções: reforçar o ideal iluminista de usar a razão e a ciência para resolver problemas.
"A mente de Steven Pinker ostenta uma inteligência aguda, um conhecimento profundo e uma enorme solidariedade humana." — Richard Dawkins
"Um livro excepcional, escrito com lucidez e na hora certa, repleto de dados que sustentam uma eloquente defesa do humanismo racional." — The New York Times Book Review
Como as crianças aprendem sobre o mundo que as rodeia? Como tomamos decisões ou enfrentamos riscos? O que diferencia os gênios do comum dos mortais? Amor, confiança, sensibilidade, decepção, criatividade - quais os mecanismos por trás desses e de e outros processos que tomam conta de nossas mentes diariamente?
Neste livro extraordinário, o psicólogo e cientista cognitivo Steven Pinker conduz o leitor com maestria por duas grandes teorias: o evolucionismo de Darwin e a moderna ciência cognitiva. Através do uso de exemplos do cotidiano e de uma argumentação lúcida, em estilo cativante e acessível, Pinker mostra como podemos estar bem próximos de uma das últimas fronteiras do conhecimento - a mente humana.
Banhos de sangue como a Guerra Civil Americana, porém, estão cada vez mais restritos ao passado, e estudiosos tentam hoje entender por que a sociedade contemporânea recorre menos à violência para resolver disputas. Em Os anjos bons da nossa natureza, o psicólogo canadense Steven Pinker toma para si o desafio duplo de responder a essa questão e de explicar as razões pelas quais as pessoas têm trilhado o caminho da paz com mais frequência, seja nas relações interpessoais, seja na diplomacia global.
Os anjos bons da nossa natureza cobre toda a escala de tempo da história humana, baseando-se em levantamentos de dados em arqueologia, estatísticas de criminalidade, contagens de baixas em guerras e outras formas de registro da violência. Numa empreitada multidisciplinar que envolve história, ciências sociais e psicologia, o autor constrói uma teoria robusta e coerente, que já constitui referência fundamental sobre o assunto.
A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK OF 2018
ONE OF THE ECONOMIST'S BOOKS OF THE YEAR
"My new favorite book of all time." --Bill Gates
If you think the world is coming to an end, think again: people are living longer, healthier, freer, and happier lives, and while our problems are formidable, the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and science.
Is the world really falling apart? Is the ideal of progress obsolete? In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium, cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom, which play to our psychological biases. Instead, follow the data: In seventy-five jaw-dropping graphs, Pinker shows that life, health, prosperity, safety, peace, knowledge, and happiness are on the rise, not just in the West, but worldwide. This progress is not the result of some cosmic force. It is a gift of the Enlightenment: the conviction that reason and science can enhance human flourishing.
Far from being a naïve hope, the Enlightenment, we now know, has worked. But more than ever, it needs a vigorous defense. The Enlightenment project swims against currents of human nature--tribalism, authoritarianism, demonization, magical thinking--which demagogues are all too willing to exploit. Many commentators, committed to political, religious, or romantic ideologies, fight a rearguard action against it. The result is a corrosive fatalism and a willingness to wreck the precious institutions of liberal democracy and global cooperation.
With intellectual depth and literary flair, Enlightenment Now makes the case for reason, science, and humanism: the ideals we need to confront our problems and continue our progress.
—Bill Gates (May, 2017)
Selected by The New York Times Book Review as a Notable Book of the Year
The author of Enlightenment Now and The New York Times bestseller The Stuff of Thought offers a controversial history of violence.
Faced with the ceaseless stream of news about war, crime, and terrorism, one could easily think we live in the most violent age ever seen. Yet as New York Times bestselling author Steven Pinker shows in this startling and engaging new work, just the opposite is true: violence has been diminishing for millenia and we may be living in the most peaceful time in our species's existence. For most of history, war, slavery, infanticide, child abuse, assassinations, programs, gruesom punishments, deadly quarrels, and genocide were ordinary features of life. But today, Pinker shows (with the help of more than a hundred graphs and maps) all these forms of violence have dwindled and are widely condemned. How has this happened?
This groundbreaking book continues Pinker's exploration of the esesnce of human nature, mixing psychology and history to provide a remarkable picture of an increasingly nonviolent world. The key, he explains, is to understand our intrinsic motives--the inner demons that incline us toward violence and the better angels that steer us away--and how changing circumstances have allowed our better angels to prevail. Exploding fatalist myths about humankind's inherent violence and the curse of modernity, this ambitious and provocative book is sure to be hotly debated in living rooms and the Pentagon alike, and will challenge and change the way we think about our society.
"Curious, inventive, fearless, naughty."
--The New York Times Book Review
Bestselling author Steven Pinker possesses that rare combination of scientific aptitude and verbal eloquence that enables him to provide lucid explanations of deep and powerful ideas. His previous books - including the Pulitzer Prize finalist The Blank Slate - have catapulted him into the limelight as one of today's most important popular science writers. In The Stuff of Thought, Pinker presents a fascinating look at how our words explain our nature. Considering scientific questions with examples from everyday life, The Stuff of Thought is a brilliantly crafted and highly readable work that will appeal to fans of everything from The Selfish Gene and Blink to Eats, Shoots & Leaves.
"Sweeping, erudite, sharply argued, and fun to read..also highly persuasive." --Time
Now updated with a new afterword
One of the world's leading experts on language and the mind explores the idea of human nature and its moral, emotional, and political colorings. With characteristic wit, lucidity, and insight, Pinker argues that the dogma that the mind has no innate traits-a doctrine held by many intellectuals during the past century-denies our common humanity and our individual preferences, replaces objective analyses of social problems with feel-good slogans, and distorts our understanding of politics, violence, parenting, and the arts. Injecting calm and rationality into debates that are notorious for ax-grinding and mud-slinging, Pinker shows the importance of an honest acknowledgment of human nature based on science and common sense.
The classic book on the development of human language by the world’s leading expert on language and the mind.
In this classic, the world's expert on language and mind lucidly explains everything you always wanted to know about language: how it works, how children learn it, how it changes, how the brain computes it, and how it evolved. With deft use of examples of humor and wordplay, Steven Pinker weaves our vast knowledge of language into a compelling story: language is a human instinct, wired into our brains by evolution. The Language Instinct received the William James Book Prize from the American Psychological Association and the Public Interest Award from the Linguistics Society of America. This edition includes an update on advances in the science of language since The Language Instinct was first published.
"A model of scientific writing: erudite, witty, and clear." —New York Review of Books
In this Pulitzer Prize finalist and national bestseller, one of the world's leading cognitive scientists tackles the workings of the human mind. What makes us rational—and why are we so often irrational? How do we see in three dimensions? What makes us happy, afraid, angry, disgusted, or sexually aroused? Why do we fall in love? And how do we grapple with the imponderables of morality, religion, and consciousness? How the Mind Works synthesizes the most satisfying explanations of our mental life from cognitive science, evolutionary biology, and other fields to explain what the mind is, how it evolved, and how it allows us to see, think, feel, laugh, interact, enjoy the arts, and contemplate the mysteries of life.
This edition of Pinker's bold and buoyant classic is updated with a new foreword by the author.
Why is so much writing so bad, and how can we make it better? Is the English language being corrupted by texting and social media? Do the kids today even care about good writing—and why should we care? From the author of The Better Angels of Our Nature and Enlightenment Now.
In this entertaining and eminently practical book, the cognitive scientist, dictionary consultant, and New York Times–bestselling author Steven Pinker rethinks the usage guide for the twenty-first century. Using examples of great and gruesome modern prose while avoiding the scolding tone and Spartan tastes of the classic manuals, he shows how the art of writing can be a form of pleasurable mastery and a fascinating intellectual topic in its own right. The Sense of Style is for writers of all kinds, and for readers who are interested in letters and literature and are curious about the ways in which the sciences of mind can illuminate how language works at its best.
One of the world's science superstars presents a brilliantly illuminating, entertaining and cutting-edge account of how language actually works.
How does language work? How do children learn their mother tongue? Why do languages change over time, making Chaucer's English almost incomprehensible? Steven Pinker explains the profound mysteries of language by picking a deceptively simple single phenomenon and examining it from every angle. That phenomenon - the existence of regular and irregular verbs - connects an astonishing array of topics in the sciences and humanities: the history of languages; the illuminating errors of children as they begin to speak; the sources of the major themes in the history of Western philosophy; the latest techniques in identifying genes and imaging the living brain. Pinker makes sense of all of this with the help of a single, powerful idea: that language comprises a mental dictionary of memorized words and a mental grammar of creative rules.