- Capa dura: 448 páginas
- Editora: Viking (19 de setembro de 2017)
- Idioma: Inglês
- ISBN-10: 0525428305
- ISBN-13: 978-0525428305
- Dimensões do produto: 16,4 x 3,6 x 24,3 cm
- Peso de envio: 748 g
- Avaliação média: 1 avaliação de cliente
- Lista de mais vendidos da Amazon: no. 115,118 em Livros (Conheça o Top 100 na categoria Livros)
The Templars: The Rise and Spectacular Fall of God's Holy Warriors (Inglês) Capa dura – 19 set 2017
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An example of this is Jones’ many references to old sources who lived in the Holy Land, which has real value. But those men had no knowledge of what was happening in Europe, nor the significant role played by Hugh, the Count of Champagne in France. Following their lead, Jones does the same, by casually mentioning Hugh of Champagne then setting him aside. We see the effect of this when the book addresses Bernard of Clairvaux, who was essential to the Templars. Jones asserts that the first time Bernard knew the Templars needed his help was when the king of Jerusalem sent Bernard a letter in 1126. Yet the Count of Champagne had given Bernard his abbey in 1115, was a life-long associate of Hugh de Payens who founded the Templars in 1119, and the Count became a Templar himself in 1125, at which time Bernard sent him a glowing letter on his wise choice to become a Templar and expressing his gratitude for the Count’s generosity. And Jones would have us believe that the only way Bernard knew the Templars needed his help was when the king of Jerusalem sent Bernard a letter in 1126? Seriously? Bernard did not actively support the Templars to please a king he did not know -- he did it out of gratitude to a Count whose generosity gave him an abbey and put him on the road to fame, and whose personal commitment as a knight going into religious service had already won Bernard’s admiration.
There are many other examples, but read the books and decide for yourself. Together, they really paint an intriguing picture of the Knights of the Temple.
If you recognize the name Templar, you've probably read Dan Brown's best seller THE DA VINCE CODE, Umberto Eco's FOUCAULT'S PENDULUM or watched the cable series about the treasure supposedly buried on Oak Island in Nova Scotia. The Templars have also aroused the interest of various conspiracy theorists who think they're still around and involved in world dominance.
There are some familiar names that crop up while reading Dan Jones's book on The Templars. There are two that are equally famous: Richard the lion-hearted and Saladin, the Moslem sultan who won back Jerusalem. The first Crusade was successful because of the disarray of the various Moslem sects, who hated each other as much as the Christians. The first Crusade captured Jerusalem and crowned their own king Baldwin I. I knew about Baldwin but I didn't no the kingdom lasted, off and on, from 1099 until the early thirteen hundreds. Appendix III lists all the kings and queens. Saladin is important because he united the various Moslem sects into a fighting force able to win back Jerusalem. As you read about the various crusades it appears the Moslems usually had the upper hand, sometimes because the Christian leaders were such terrible tacticians with giant egos, constantly bickering. But the Crusaders had success under Richard (although he never attacked Jerusalem) and later under Frederick II Hohenstaufen, the Holy Roman emperor, who negotiated a truce with the Egyptian sultan to allow Christian soldiers to visit Jerusalem.
The thread that runs through the book is “How did the Templars meet their demise”? If you want to blame somebody, blame Phillip IV of France who thought he was God on earth. Phillip needed money; at first he tried to get it by expelling the Jews from France and confiscating their money and lands. It wasn't enough. What the average history freak doesn't know (I certainly didn't) was that the Templars were so good at handling money that some of the Western monarchs used them as a treasury. Phillip knew they were loaded. I was also under the impression that the Templars were rounded up on one fateful day. Actually it was a long involved process, and Pope Clement V came to their defense. He didn't want some secular king punishing his soldier monks. But Phillip used torture to elicit confessions. He even got one from James of Molay, the master of the Templars who was in France trying to work up enthusiasm for another Crusade. There's another glossary that lists the various Templar masters from Hugh of Payns to James of Molay.